Archive for the ‘Night Vision’ Category



ITT Debarment Lifted Two Months Early

Posted by at 9:53 pm on February 24, 2010
Category: DDTCNight Vision

Red TapeOn Monday the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (“DDTC) published a notice in the Federal Register that the three-year statutory debarment of ITT Night Vision, scheduled to end on March 26, 2010, was ended effective February 4, 2010. DDTC noted, in justifying the early termination, noted that

ITT Corporation has taken appropriate steps to address the causes of the violations and to mitigate any law enforcement concerns.

While the denial order was in effect, ITT Night Vision products could be exported by ITT and by resellers but only pursuant to a specific transaction exception from DDTC. Such transaction exceptions were granted only with respect to exports for end-use by the U.S. government or for end use by certain allies. As a result of DDTC’s actions, license applications to export ITT night vision products will no longer need to contain information supporting a transaction exception.

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BIS Tries to Shed Light on Night Vision

Posted by at 12:55 pm on October 16, 2006
Category: BISNight Vision

Pooch in Night VisionBIS released today a document entitled “Defense Industrial Base Assessment: U.S. Imaging and Sensor’s Industry.” This report, requested by the Army in May 2005, comes almost a year late from the delivery date of December 2005 originally requested by the Army. Notwithstanding the lengthy delay in issuing the report, it contains few surprises.

The report is based on a survey sent out by BIS to 106 participants in the imaging and sensor industry. That survey data was augmented with site visits, attendance at industry conferences, interviews with industry participants and consultation of other studies of this industry.

According to the report, global demand for imaging and sensing products has been increasing, including demand for uncooled thermal imaging devices. Uncooled devices are smaller, less expensive and less susceptible to damage but offer lower resolution than their cooled counterparts. The uncooled devices are more often used in civilian applications.

Notwithstanding the increase in demand for uncooled devices, U.S. industry’s share of these exports has been declining. The report notes that industry participants attribute this decline to less robust export controls imposed on uncooled thermal imaging devices by other countries. The report further noted that 13 of the survey respondents had export licenses denied for imaging equipments and that other respondents indicated that certain contracts were not bid on given the likely denial of an export license.

As a result, the report concludes that U.S. export controls on uncooled thermal imaging devices should be modified. No specific recommendation is made for how they should be modified. However, the Report, in describing changes proposed by survey respondents, stated:

A consensus among U.S. companies producing or considering the production of uncooled products offshore is that changing the controls of uncooled cameras from Regional Stability 1 (RS1) to Regional Stability 2 (RS2) would likely result in bringing back current production or foregoing future offshore production plans.

Changing the controls on uncooled thermal imaging devices from RS1 to RS2 would permit unlicensed exports to a number of countries including countries in the European Union, most Eastern European countries, Turkey, Japan, New Zealand and Australia. Even if BIS does loosen controls in such a fashion, second and third generation uncooled thermal imaging devices will still need a DDTC license if they are not part of a commercial system.

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British Thermal Imaging Device Found in Hezbollah Bunker

Posted by at 8:04 pm on August 24, 2006
Category: Night Vision

Thermo-Vision 1000Recent news reports indicate that British-made thermal imaging device, the Thermovision 1000, was found by Israeli troops in Hezbollah bunkers in southern Lebanon. It is believed that these units were sold by Britain to Iran through a U.N. sponsored drug control program and were intended to assist the Iranian police in their efforts to interdict drug smuggling across the Iran-Afghanistan border.

The export to Iran would have required an end-use certificate from Iran which, it appears, the Iranians disregarded. A spokesman for the British Foreign Officer stated:

We view the diversion of materials which have been authorised for export very seriously

There is, perhaps, a bit of unintended irony in the spokesman’s statements. The British Government, when signing end-use certificates (Form DSP-83) for exports of defense articles from the United States to the United Kingdom, has accompanied those certificates with a reservation that the British government reserved the right to re-export those defense articles without authorization from the U.S. if the British Government deemed it in its interest to do so. This undercuts more than a little the Foreign Office’s protestations that Iran appears to have ignored the end-use certificates that it signed.

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